Located in the southern part of the Gaza Strip, on the border with Egypt, Rafah has been frequently the scene of violence.
On 13 May 2004, Israeli forces initiated a large offensive, calledOperation Rainbow. The official reason was to find smuggling tunnels to Egypt and to arrest Palestinian militants.
To do so the army destroyed infrastructure and dozens of Palestinian houses, rendering hundreds of Palestinians homeless.
Rafah refugee camp was established in 1949 to provide shelter to 41,000 refugees. It was the largest and most densely populated refugee camp in the Gaza Strip. Over the past three-and-a-half years, Israeli forces demolished some 1,800 homes in Rafah.
This series won a first price at the Zilveren Camera photojournalism contest in the Foreign News category.